F.C. Porto-Offensive and Defensive Transition.pdf

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F.C. Porto U18
O ensive and Defensive Transition
These sessions from F.C. Porto’s U18 team were observed by Marc Dos Santos during his 10 day visit with the Portuguese club in March of 2007. Dos Santos
holds a UEFA ‘B’ license and is a coach for Attak F.C. of the Canadian Professional Soccer League. The rst session is from March 5th and focuses on defensive
organisation and transition from defense to o ense. The second session was conducted on March 6th and focuses on o ensive organization and transition from
o ense to defense.
Introduction
The main objective for my visit to F.C. Porto was to observe the way the club operates within the di erent age groups using tactical periodization.
The model of play characterizing the club; model of practice and model of coach to operate this way of playing was written by Mr. Vitór Frade.
Mr. Vitór Frade is a teacher at the Sports University of Porto and is called the “father” of José Mourinho and the father of “Tactical Periodization”
by many people. From U13 to U18, all group ages follow the same principles in the four di erent moments of the game. These four moments
are present in every single exercise:
O ensive Organization
Defensive organization
Transition from Defence to O ense
Transition from O ence to Defense
The physical, technical, tactical and psychological elements are never worked on a separate way. Everything is included while the main concern
of every exercise is to organize the team for one of the four moments of the game. This way of working allows the team to react automatically
to every moment of the game.
Session One - March 5th
Warm-Up (25 min.)
The players warm up indoors. Afterwards, the players come onto the eld
for 10 min. of static and dynamic stretching.
Technical Practice (25 min.)
Player A passes the ball to player B, Player B passes the ball, one-touch,
back to Player A, Player A passes the ball to Player C, Player C passes the
ball to Player B, who then passes the ball back to Player C who plays a
long ball to Player E, who starts doing the same play with Player D and
Player F. After playing the long ball, Player C turns and receives a ball from
the coach to nish one-touch with their left foot. Right after shooting,
Player C sprints to Player D. Player B takes the place of Player A who takes
the place of Player C.
After 12 minutes, the same exercise is done in the opposite direction with
the players nishing with their right foot.
Coaching Points
Quality of the rst touch
Quality of short and long passing (inside of the foot and laces)
Body position while shooting using one touch
Reaction right after shooting (concentration)
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O ensive and Defensive Transition
F.C. Porto U18
Phase of Play (10 min. + 2 rest + 10 min. + 2 rest)
The players are divided into two groups, A and B.
Group B
Group A
Four defenders and one defensive mid elder play against four
mid elders and two forwards. The play starts with a pass from the
assistant coach to one of the mid elders. After the rst 10 minutes,
the assistant coach starts the play by playing a long ball in the air for
one of the strikers. The coach focuses on the roles and responsibilities
of the four defenders and the defensive mid elder.
Group A
The white team tries to score while the dark team tries to defend. If
the dark team wins the ball they’ attack the two small goals near the
half-line.
When the coach stops the exercise, he makes sure that every defender and defensive mid elder understand what to do. He also enforces the
o side rule to make sure that the game is realistic.
Group B
Three mid elders and three strikers play against the goalkeeper. The play starts with a pass from the assistant coach to one of the
mid elders. The players are encouraged to play fast and with quality. The coach asks for speed in every action and a lot of mobility from
every player. He also asks the players to create good passing lines.
Small-Sided Game (10 min. + 2 rest + 10 min. + 2
rest)
The teams are organized as follows: Dark - one goalkeeper, four
defenders, one defensive mid elder, two central mid elders and one
striker, WHITE - one goalkeeper, three defenders, four mid elders and
two strikers. The game is played with unlimited touches. The coach
focuses on the roles and responsibilities of the four defenders, the
defensive mid elder and the two central mid elders of the dark team.
The coaching sta is working on the defensive organization and
transition from defense to o ense. When the coach stops the exercise,
he makes sure that every player from the dark team understand what
to do. While the coach is correcting, he also calls o side when it
occurs.
Cool Down: (10 min.)
The cool down consists of abdominal work, lower back stretching and
static stretching.
© WORLD CLASS COACHING July/August 2007
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F.C. Porto U18
O ensive and Defensive Transition
Session Two - March 6th
Warm-Up (10 min.)
The team is divided into three groups of six players. Nine players are
inside square A (three white, three dark and three grey). Nine players
are inside square B (three white, three dark and three grey). One ball per
player. The players are asked to dribble with the ball inside the squares
using every part of their foot and doing di erent moves (juggling,
change of speed with the ball, etc…). The exercise is alternated with
dynamic and static stretching.
6 v 3 (12 min. + 2 min. of static stretching)
In a 20 x 20-yard grid, whites and darks play against the greys in a 6 v 3
possession game with a two touch limit. The game is played in square
A and B. Every time the coach says ‘GO, the greys from square A must
sprint to square B, and the greys from square B must sprint to square A.
The coach changes the players in the middle every minute or so.
Objective of the exercise: Speci c strength; work of the three defenders
(pressure and cover) and quality of passing.
Circuit Training for Speci c Strength (12 min.)
Organization: The players stay in the same groups (six whites, six blacks
and six greys)
Grey : The rst player from the group passes the ball to the assistant
coach. Afterward, he does skipping over the hurdles and makes four
jumps (front, back, left and right). He receives a ball from the coach and
nishes with one touch. Right after, he sprints to cone number one and
jogs to the Black group.
Black : The rst player from the group passes the ball to the assistant
coach. Afterward, he does skipping over the hurdles and goes sideways
around the poles. He receives the ball, in the air, from the coach and
jumps to head the ball into the small goals in the corners of the goal.
Right after, he sprints to cone number two and jogs to the white group.
White : The rst player from the group passes the ball to the coach. Afterward, he sprints to the second cone, comes back to the rst, sprints to
the third, and goes sideways around the hurdles. He receives a ball, in the air, from the coach and nish’s with one touch (volley or head). Right
after, he sprints to cone number three and jogs to the grey group.
The exercise lasts 12 minute (non-stop) with the players applying themselves at 100%. After this exercise, the players have a four-minutes
water break and dynamic stretching.
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O ensive and Defensive Transition
F.C. Porto U18
2 v 2 + 2
Three 15 X 20-yard grids are organized on half of a large eld. Three
groups play 2 v 2 with a targets on the side. The players inside have
unlimited touches and targets play one-touch. The games last a minute
and a half with a one minute rest between games. The players alternate
between being inside and outside of the eld. This is done six times so
that each player is on the outside twice and inside once.
Objectives
Defensively: Work of the rst and second defender (pressure and cover)
O ensively: Quality of passing, mobility, improvisation, penetration,
support and speed of execution
Physical: Speci c strength
Progression
The teams play 3 v 3 in the same area as before. The players now have an
unlimited number of touches. They play three games that last two and a
half minutes with a one-minute rest in between each game.
10 v 9 (20 min.)
The coach focuses on o ensive organization and transition from o ense
to defense. The dark team plays with one goalkeeper, four defenders,
two mid elders and three forwards. The white team plays with one
goalkeeper, two defenders, three mid elders and three forwards. Only
the wingers and full backs are allowed in zone A and B. The team
defending is not allowed in these zones. The coach asks for speed of
execution, mobility, mid elders to play the ball wide and play a lot of
diagonal passes.
Progression
The coach holds a ball in his hands. The players play normally, with the
same principles as before. Every time the coach plays a ball to another
team, everybody has to react according to the new ball that was played
by the coach
Cool Down: (10 min.)
The cool down consisted of abdominal work, lower back stretching and
static stretching.
© WORLD CLASS COACHING July/August 2007
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